The Turkish Republic is exclusive in varied methods. Its strategic geographical location makes it a bridge between the East and the West. It’s maybe the one nation that’s located on the intersection of the East and the West. When it gravitated towards the West, it felt the threatening pressure of the East on its doorstep, and when it turned its face to East, the identical risk appeared from the West.
In 1923, when the Lausanne negotiations – geared toward authenticating the delivery of a brand new Turkey – have been interrupted, Turkey was uncovered to the stress from Britain whereas it received nearer to Russia. Whereas for Turkey, which was nonetheless within the strategy of negotiating at Lausanne, this entente not solely strengthened its hand towards Europe, it additionally signified a risk to the West. Nevertheless, the West, which was spearheaded by Britain, was considering that strategically vital Turkey shouldn’t be “misplaced.”
In 1946, after the multi-party interval in Turkey, befriending the East carried substantial dangers. Each Turkish authorities that mounted its consideration on treaties of friendship with the East and strengthened its navy and commerce relations with the international locations in that a part of the world, met with exterior threats and ultimately coup makes an attempt with exterior assist. The Chilly Battle interval affected Turkey probably the most. Moscow thought that buying the management of the straits could be an efficient method to struggle towards western risk, and it built-in Turkey into the road of assault. Washington, alternatively, was afraid of a attainable Russia-Turkey alliance and believed that if Russia managed the straits, it may pose a fantastic hazard. The admittance of Turkey into NATO helped make clear Turkey’s place to a fantastic extent but it surely resulted into another issues within the already polarized world.
The 20th century was a time when international locations that got here out of the world wars have been uncontrolled and so they have been buried deep into the calamity of violence below the impact of deviant ideologies. Within the present century, perhaps we’re experiencing this terror another way. Nevertheless, virtually everybody on the planet is now conscious that we aren’t higher off with a polarized world.
Turkey is among the international locations that perceive this reality. Proper now there isn’t a Chilly Battle; due to this fact Turkey shouldn’t be obligated to facet towards a rustic on one other’s request. Most individuals may be deciphering Turkey’s membership in NATO as a western pact membership. NATO was established to take care of peace. Within the present state of affairs, it could be higher for it to incorporate the East too, and designate a purpose on this course. We said this reality years in the past: If Russia was admitted as a member of NATO, the world may grow to be extra peaceable. Nevertheless for some causes, the realpolitik pursuits of some nonetheless necessitate the world to be divided into two completely different fronts. Therefore, that is at all times a trigger for bother.
If we’re to return to Turkey, undoubtedly, NATO membership is a vital issue. Nevertheless right now, there isn’t a doubt that NATO wants Turkey, greater than Turkey wants NATO. Within the present circumstances, no facet is in a state of affairs to coerce Turkey into taking a facet. If we’re to judge the topic when it comes to Turkey-Russia ties, we are going to attain the next conclusion: Whereas Turkey was enhancing its long-lasting friendship with Russia, it by no means turned its again on NATO or its western allies. The connection with Russia, which was the primary nation to name Turkey in the course of the coup try, will undoubtedly enhance in future.
Turkey, nevertheless, worth its western allies and desires to additional strengthen its ties with them as a result of it’s a nation, which understands that the true resolution for world’s issues can solely be achieved by means of forging alliances and that polarization shouldn’t be the appropriate method. In Turkey, the place political polarization makes itself evident occasionally, the truth that in just one night time such a fantastic sense of unity is achieved is crucial proof of this reality. Turkey will preserve this unity with its neighbors and allies sooner or later. It could be that Turkey’s allies comprise of nations which might’t get together with one another or see one another as threats. However this reality by no means constitutes an impediment for Turkey’s separate friendship with these international locations.
The nice sight of two leaders, Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Vladimir Putin, shaking palms in St. Petersburg mustn’t result in pointless speculations. Turkey is a rustic that desires to be and could be buddies with each the West and the East.
We also needs to think about the significance of Turkey-Russia ties for the decision of the Syrian battle. Over the past week’s assembly a consensus was reached, each side particularly laid emphasis on the significance of “territorial integrity” in Syria. Performing in accordance with this frequent floor will permit vital selections to be made concerning Syria. At this level, Turkey’s NATO membership constitutes a fantastic significance. As a bridge between the West and the East, Turkey can act as a negotiator within the Syrian disaster. The assist from key Center Jap international locations can even play an vital position on this regard.