By Harun Yahya
With globalization, migration has grow to be one of the vital vital points going through the world at present. Extra folks than ever are leaving their lands of origin and migrating elsewhere. There are two major causes for these massive inhabitants shifts – safety and financial worries. Particularly, the Arab Spring, which started as totalitarian regimes turning to democracy however quickly turned the Center East right into a battleground, has led to a speedy rise in numbers. The vast majority of folks in Syria have sought refuge in neighboring nations with a view to escape the preventing inside it.
Turkey has acquired the best share of this migration. In line with the Turkish Overseas Affairs Ministry Directorate Basic of Migration Administration, some a million folks dwelling in Syria took shelter in Turkey due to Syria’s home turmoil between April 2011 and Might 2014.[i] The determine at present is estimated to exceed 1.5 million.[ii]
A 72-page report drawn up by one political occasion in Turkey has evaluated the influence on Turkey of the crises happening in Syria and Iraq. The report says that Turkey has spent $5.5 billion from the general public purse for Syrian refugees. In line with the identical report, Turkey has suffered losses of $16.7 billion in 4 years due to the crises in these two nations. The determine represents expenditure on Syrian refugees, potential export losses and decreased tourism revenues.[iii]
The report evaluates Syrian refugees in strictly financial phrases, and regards it as a critical mistake to confess them. Nevertheless, it’s not possible to contemplate the Syrian refugees who’ve come to our doorstep, fleeing the horrible humanitarian drama and demise in Syria, by way of statistics and numbers solely. The tragedy is a critical one which requires all folks of excellent conscience to assist.
It must be made clear that Turkey’s hospitable angle towards the Syrians isn’t the results of any home coverage or sectarian strategy. The best proof of that’s the truth that Turkey not too long ago admitted Yazidis fleeing from ISIL and beforehand, Kurds fleeing from Saddam Hussein. Turkey’s admission of these in want is due to this fact nothing new. Comparable incidents may be seen in Turkey’s extra distant previous, as nicely.
Waves of migration that started with the Crimean Tatars within the 1850s had been adopted by folks dwelling within the Caucasus, significantly Georgians and Circassians, in addition to folks from Daghestan, Chechens and Laz folks shifting to Anatolia.[iv] The migrations of the Crimean Tatars that occurred when Tsarist Russia seized the Crimea in 1783 represented the biggest wave of migration. Sporadic wars between the Ottoman Empire and Russia till 1890 had been the figuring out consider Tatar migration.
The Circassian migration was one other mass motion that had outcomes at the very least as dramatic as that of the Crimean Tatars and that influenced the demographic make-up of Anatolia. Some 2.5 million Circassians had been pressured emigrate in intervals as much as the eve of the First World Struggle. A big a part of these migrants, nevertheless (roughly a million) misplaced their lives en route.
Many migrants started arriving from Azerbaijan from the early 19th Century onward. Migration was significantly intense in the course of the years 1877-1878. Throughout the First World Struggle alone, some 10,000 extra folks migrated from Azerbaijan to Anatolia.[v]
Georgian migration, which started after the 1828–1829 Ottoman-Russian struggle continued till 1921. The Albanians first got here to Anatolia in 1468, and these migrants had been adopted by the Ottoman Empire with out being uncovered to the least discrimination a lot in order that 35 of the 215 appointed grand viziers within the Ottoman Empire had been Albanians. Right now, there are regarded as some 5 million folks of Albanian origin in Turkey.[vi]
Migrants to Turkey don’t solely encompass these with shut ethnic or spiritual ties to it. Some 100,000 folks migrated from Poland from early 1831 onward following the Kingdom of Poland being made a part of Russia, and a few of these folks reached the Ottoman Empire. The Russians and Austrians vehemently demanded the return of the Polish migrants, however the Ottoman Sultan Abdulmajid rejected these calls for, saying, “I’d quite hand over my throne than ever ship again those that have sought refuge in my state.”[vii] The Jews additionally turned Ottomans after they had been pressured out of Europe.
The 18th Century and afterward, when migration turned most intense, was additionally the time when the Ottoman Empire was affected by significantly critical financial difficulties. But even then, the state by no means mentioned the migrants had been a burden and turned them away. Even in probably the most troublesome of occasions, the Ottoman folks and state tried to assist migrants as a lot as their means allowed.
Migration to Anatolia continued after the demise of the Ottoman Empire and the founding of the Republic of Turkey. Lots of of hundreds of individuals, Muslim and non-Muslim alike, sought shelter within the Republic of Turkey from Bulgaria, Macedonia, Tatarstan, Chechnya, Kazakhstan and Iran. Regardless that relations on the nationwide degree removed from optimum, there are nonetheless some 12,000 Armenian migrants dwelling in Turkey at present.[viii]
Turkish historical past is filled with examples of exemplary conduct towards refugees. Migrants have by no means been regarded down on or despised. It’s, fairly bluntly, inhuman to show migrants away on the grounds they characterize a burden. There is no such thing as a distinction between that and telling somebody who’s working exterior as a result of his home is on hearth, “Why are you working away? Return inside!”
It doesn’t matter what their numbers, the Syrian refugees are the brothers of the Turkish folks. From the second they attain Turkish territory they may all be handled as residents, be they Sunni, Alawite or Kurd. The Turkish folks have an ethical duty to take care of them. The Turkish folks will put up with any issue, if mandatory, in that trigger. Turkey is not going to hand anybody over into the clutches of assassin, as a result of such conduct has no place in Turkish historical past, in Turkish tradition, or within the ethical values of Islam.
The author has authored greater than 300 books translated in 73 languages on politics, faith and science. He could also be adopted at @Harun_Yahya and www.harunyahya.com
[V] Bilgin, “Türk Romanında Savaş Sonrası Anadolu’ya Zorunlu Göçler” Doktora Tezi, T.C. Marmara Üniversitesi Türkiyat Araştırmaları Enstitüsü Türk Dili ve Edebiyatı Ana Bilim Dalı Yeni Türk Edebiyatı Bilim Dalı, İstanbul, 2006.
[VI] Bakay, Gönül, “İçimizden Biri: Arnavutlar”, IV. Kültür Araştırmaları Sempozyumu, İç/ Dış/ Göç ve Kültür, Işık Üniversitesi Şile, İstanbul, 15 – 17 Eylül 2007.