GENEVA (16 June 2015) – The power of migrants to achieve European soil regardless of an enormous funding in securing worldwide borders exhibits that sealing them is inconceivable, and solely serves to empower individuals traffickers within the Mediterranean, the United Nations Particular Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants, François Crépeau, mentioned immediately.
“The European Union and its member states should acknowledge that irregular migration is a results of insurance policies prohibiting immigration,” Mr. Crépeau mentioned throughout the presentation of his newest report back to the UN Human Rights Council. “Such insurance policies solely serve to open a brand new and profitable marketplace for smuggling rings, a market which couldn’t exist with out this prohibition.”
“If Europe insists on focusing most of its sources on secularization, it is going to fail to defeat smuggling rings,” he warned. “Europe must destroy the smugglers’ enterprise mannequin, which was created when limitations and prohibitions to mobility had been erected and which thrives by evading the restrictive migration insurance policies of EU Member States.”
Greater than 200,000 migrants and asylum seekers arrived in Europe by sea in 2014, in contrast with 80,000 in 2013, in keeping with present estimates. To date this 12 months, Europe has already obtained over 100,000 migrants and asylum seekers who’ve arrived by boat, with some frontline states reporting each day arrivals.
“Migrants will come, it doesn’t matter what,” Mr. Crépeau warned. “The EU will solely have the ability to regain management of its border if it banks on mobility. Banking on mobility signifies that the general purpose is to have most migrants utilizing official channels to enter and keep in Europe.”
The skilled known as on the EU to ascertain a human rights-based, coherent and complete migration coverage which makes mobility its central asset. “It’s the solely approach by which it may possibly reclaim its border, successfully fight smuggling and empower migrants,” the Particular Rapporteur mentioned.
“The EU should develop extra harm-reduction insurance policies, taking as a central concern the human rights of migrants, and create modern regulated mobility choices that may incentivize most migrants and asylum seekers to keep away from having recourse to smugglers,” he famous. “As an alternative of forcing individuals into mechanisms that do not reply to their wants, we have to perceive the logic of their choices and create insurance policies that optimally match migrants’ expertise and labour market’s wants.
“Solely thus can the EU take away the mobility market from the palms of the smugglers. Open and controlled mobility in any respect expertise ranges is the place the funding needs to be,” Mr. Crépeau harassed.
The Particular Rapporteur welcomed the brand new European Agenda on Migration, however famous that the figures for refugee resettlement are inadequate and the shortage of open and common channels for low expert migrants coming to Europe is a big oversight.
“The very fact is that European member states depend on low-cost migrant labour working in sure sectors inside their financial system,” he mentioned. “States ought to acknowledge their actual labour wants, together with for low-wage work: to do in any other case would scale back them to being complicit with the exploitation of migrants,” he underscored.
The skilled known as on the EU to open up extra common migration channels and, on the identical time, repress unscrupulous employers who exploit the concern of asylum seekers and undocumented migrants to be detected, detained and deported. “Successfully implementing the employer sanction directive needs to be a precedence,” he harassed.
“Combining such insurance policies would result in smaller underground labour markets, much less irregular border crossings, much less smuggling of migrants, much less lack of life at borders, much less labour exploitation, and fewer migrants’ rights violations,” Mr. Crépeau said.