Pak-Afghan Relations: Hamid Karzai Period

Hamid Karzai and Pakistan

 After the tragic incident of assault on twin towers in New York; Metropolitan metropolis of America, modified the script of Twenty First Century fully. Being the quick neighbor and shut good friend of Afghanistan, Pakistan was pressurized by the Worldwide neighborhood to reassess its relations with the Taliban. Taliban have been supposedly alleged for harboring the core leaders of the terrorist community Al-Qaida. They have been threatened handy over the needed individuals of Al-Qaida to America for path. The Taliban authorities didn’t comply. So America determined to go forward and assault The Taliban and overthrow its authorities. Therefore, she strongly demanded Pakistan’s assist in US and Worldwide Coalition’s Operation “Enduring Freedom,” inside Afghanistan.  On account of India’s compliance to American risk, Pakistan halfheartedly accepted to assist the American Conflict on Terror marketing campaign, and supplied them with Air bases and Land routes to achieve Afghanistan. Since that day Pakistan has supported the brand new administration underneath Hamid Karzai and has been cooperating for lengthy lasting peace in Afghanistan.Each the nations are the important thing states of worldwide Conflict on Terror, and each of them are Chosen because the battlefields for it. They’re paying the value both in materials losses or within the type of Human lives. These are the sacrifices that no different nation has rendered within the up to date historical past. Though, Afghan President Hamid Karzai, usually criticized Pakistan for destabilizing Afghanistan, however it was on account of his tendency in direction of India, and needed India to have extra position in Afghanistan.  Karzai has been famous as exaggeratedly compassionate in direction of India. Relations of Karzai’s first cupboard have primarily received their training in India, whereas lots of them have settled second houses there. Nonetheless, regardless of of the criticism of Hamid Karzai, Pakistan has supported Afghanistan on each discussion board for its freedom, self-reliance and robust political system. In February, 2006, Hamid Karzai visited Islamabad and handed over an inventory of Taliban that have been residing within the secure havens inside Pakistan. In response, as an alternative of replying to Karzai, Musharraf turned over on India and accused her of propagating false information in Afghanistan, relating to the sanctuaries of Terrorists in Pakistan. Musharraf knew that it’s New Delhi who unfold improper intelligence information in Afghanistan. Pakistan has at all times proven its critical issues about Afghanistan’s inclination in direction of India. Musharraf has additionally seen the Taliban as a pro-Pakistan counterbalance to Indian affect in Afghanistan and needed to maintain it bodily highly effective in case Afghan President Hamid Karzai is overthrown and Afghanistan collapsed into chaos and anarchy.

In August, 2007 “Pak – Afghan Peace Jirga” was held. Round 700 folks from each the international locations have been current, together with Rasheed Dostum, Burhan Uddin Rabbani, Prof. Rasool Sayyaf, Pir Gillani, together with the President and Prime Minister of Pakistan and the members of civil society. The Jirga damned terrorism as a common risk to the safety of each the international locations and decided to proceed the conflict on terror. Maintaining in view the significance of Pak-Afghan relations after being elected as President of Pakistan, Asif Ali Zardari invited President Hamid Karzai to his oath-taking ceremony. On the eve of 11th SAARC Convention, the Afghan International Minister, Dr. Rangin Daftar Spanta and his Pakistani counterpart, Makhdoom Shah Mahmood Qureshi, reaffirmed their dedication to raised cooperation. Whereas addressing a information convention in Islamabad on August 11, 2010, Afghan President Hamid Karzai termed Pakistan and Afghanistan as “conjoined twins”. It’s maybe because of the Presence of numerous Afghan refugees in Pakistan, the lengthy shared border, and useful setting for Afghan nationals to stay, work and entry to the training and well being services in Pakistan, and shared non secular, cultural and ethnic ethos, which prompted and realized Afghan President Hamid Karzai to declare Pakistan and Afghanistan the conjoined twins. Because the re-election of President Hamid Karzai, constructive developments occurred on each the edges and an affirmative shift has occurred for bilateral insurance policies and regional views. Though sure blame recreation and political statements prompted acute irritation however elevated bilateral visits and interplay have significantly overshadowed these statements. The Prime Minister of Pakistan Mr. Yousef Raza Gilani paid a go to to Kabul in December 2010, exchanged views with members of Afghanistan’s Chambers of Commerce and Trade and mentioned the newly signed Afghanistan-Pakistan Transit Commerce Settlement (APTTA).Moreover, the signing of APTTA during which Pakistan has agreed to supply transit facility to India for commerce with Afghanistan, will additional increase commerce relationship between Pakistan and Afghanistan. The settlement may even show a fantastic supply of regional connectivity. Likewise, Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) fuel pipeline mission can be a fantastic supply of boosting regional integration and financial cooperation. Beneath the mission, 1800-kilometer lengthy fuel pipeline from Turkmenistan to India through Afghanistan and Pakistan is more likely to price U.S. $7.6 billion. This mission can significantly overcome the rivalry and proxy wars between India and Pakistan on Afghan land. Yusuf Raza Gillani additionally emphasised that parliamentarians of each the states might play a constructive position in bringing folks of the 2 international locations nearer to one another.

The Ex-President of Afghanistan Prof. Burhan Uddin Rabbani additionally led a Excessive Peace Council to Islamabad in 2011. The primary goal of their go to was to forecast for Pakistan’s position within the settlement course of with the Afghan Taliban. The delegation went again with the concept Pakistan actually desired to be a part of the Afghan resolution and if Pakistan`s real issues in Afghanistan have been addressed, Islamabad could be able to play the position of a peacemaker additionally. The go to of delegation of Afghan Peace Council to Islamabad was pursued by a go to by International Secretary of Pakistan Salman Bashir to Kabul for coverage discussions and exploring new methods and horizons of strengthening bilateral ties. Whereas newly got here into energy in Could, 2013 elections, Nawaz Sharif has negated any change in his authorities’s transfer in direction of Afghanistan, other than that he wishes a secure and peaceable Afghanistan. He has continuously urged on the connotation of pursuing financial diplomacy and cooperation when it comes to commerce and overseas funding with neighboring international locations, particularly Afghanistan to advance Pakistan’s pursuits within the wake of secure Afghanistan. Briefly phrases, though Pak-Afghan Relations throughout Karzai period have been dominated by belief deficit and blame recreation, but these have been primarily because of the regional and international political designs and targets. Nonetheless, regardless of these constraints one can see many constructive developments and fixed interactions with one another.

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