The committee’s chairman, Senator John McCain, launched the invoice, which units apart as much as $800 million for reimbursing Pakistan and the proposal is included within the Senate model of the Nationwide Defence Authorisation Act, 2017, handed on Might 18.
Below the present association, Pakistan is reimbursed from the Coalition Assist Fund (CSF) and has obtained a complete of $3.1 billion since 2013. The CSF expires within the 2016 monetary 12 months, which ends in October.
The invoice, nevertheless, requires Pakistan to maintain open floor communication strains to Afghanistan for receiving reimbursements from this fund. And $300m is linked to taking motion in opposition to the Haqqani community.
One other invoice, handed by the Home of Representatives final week, linked $450m from a complete of $900m proposed for Pakistan to take motion in opposition to the Haqqani community. However the Senate invoice is completely different from the Home model.
The proposed fund replaces the CSF, which was for reimbursing Pakistan for its help to US and coalition actions in Afghanistan. The brand new provision takes the identical reimbursement mannequin however focuses on Pakistan and on US nationwide safety pursuits. In doing so, it breaks the hyperlink between Pakistan and Afghanistan.
Throughout a debate within the committee, lawmakers famous that the United States has already withdrawn most of its troops from Afghanistan. The US-led coalition can be winding up its actions.
With this transformation within the nature of US mission in Afghanistan, policymakers in Washington felt that it’s not related to hyperlink Pakistan to Afghanistan.
As a substitute, they determined to hyperlink the brand new fund to Pakistan’s personal safety and stability, which Washington sees as necessary for its personal nationwide safety pursuits.
Whereas contemplating the proposal, the committee famous that “Pakistan has been a long-standing strategic accomplice of the USA” and expressed its need to proceed a “sturdy and enduring” relationship between the 2 international locations.
To make sure sustainability and viability over the long run, the committee endorsed the proposal to “transition safety help to Pakistan to a bilateral programme centered on the soundness and safety of Pakistan, reasonably than the extra slender earlier focus of Coalition Assist Funds”.
The committee additionally expressed the priority that “continued reliance on Coalition Assist Funds for the supply of safety help to Pakistan may negatively impression US help of Pakistani operations to fight terrorism”.