Different nations opposing Indian membership of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) embrace New Zealand, Eire, Turkey, South Africa and Austria, diplomats stated.
The 48-nation NSG goals to stop the proliferation of nuclear weapons by proscribing the sale of things that can be utilized to make these arms.
India already enjoys a lot of the advantages of membership beneath a 2008 exemption to NSG guidelines granted to help its nuclear cooperation take care of Washington, though India has developed atomic weapons and by no means signed the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), the principle international arms management pact.
Opponents argue that granting it membership would additional undermine efforts to stop proliferation.
It might additionally infuriate rival Pakistan, which responded to India’s membership bid with one in all its personal and has the backing of its shut ally China.
“By bringing India on board, it is a slap within the face of your entire non-proliferation regime,” a diplomatic supply from one in all a handful of nations resisting India’s push stated on situation of anonymity.
A choice on Indian membership is just not anticipated earlier than an NSG plenary assembly in Seoul on June 20, however diplomats stated Washington had been pressuring hold-outs, and Thursday’s closed-door assembly was an opportunity to see how sturdy opposition is.
US Secretary of State John Kerry wrote to members asking them “to not block consensus on Indian admission to the NSG” in a letter seen by Reuters and dated Friday.
China, nevertheless, confirmed no signal of backing down from its opposition to India becoming a member of until Pakistan turns into a member.
That will be unacceptable to many, given Pakistan’s monitor report which embrace allegations promoting nuclear secrets and techniques to nations together with North Korea and Iran.
“China, if something, is hardening (its place),” one other diplomat stated.
A lot of the hold-outs oppose the concept of admitting a non-NPT state corresponding to India and argue that whether it is to be admitted, it needs to be beneath standards that apply equally to all states reasonably than beneath a “tailored” resolution for a US ally.
Mexico’s president stated on Wednesday his nation helps India’s membership bid, however one Vienna-based diplomat stated it nonetheless opposed the concept of it becoming a member of beneath circumstances that didn’t apply equally to all.